Tahitian Gardenia

Tahitian Gardenia Plant Information


Tahitian Gardenia grows in the following 1 states:

Hawaii

The plant originates from Melanesia and Western Polynesia. It is an aboriginal introduction to the Cook Islands and French Polynesia and possibly Hawaii.The name Tahitian Gardenia is somewhat a misnomer because it is neither native nor naturalised in Tahiti. The first acceptable scientific name for the plant was based on Tahitian specimens collected by Jules Dumont d'Urville in 1824. Hence the scientific name of Gardenia taitensis, and the English name of Tahitian Gardenia or Tiar Flower. It was first collected in Tahiti, by the Forsters on Captain Cook's first Pacific voyage (1768-1771), although it was misidentified as Gardenia florida.Gardenia taitensis (also called Tahitian Gardenia or Tiar Flower) is a species of plant in the Rubiaceae family. It is an evergreen tropical shrub that grows to 4 m tall and has glossy dark green leaves (5-16cm long) that are oppositely arranged along the stem. The flower is creamy white and pinwheel-shaped with five-to-nine lobes (each lobe 2-4cm long) and fragrant. Native to the highland shores of the South Pacific, it has the distinction of being one of the few cultivated plants native to Polynesia. It is the national flower of French Polynesia and the Cook Islands.

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