Yellow Spring Bedstraw

Yellow Spring Bedstraw Plant Information

Yellow Spring Bedstraw grows in the following 35 states:

Colorado, Connecticut, District Of Columbia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Vermont, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Oregon, West Virginia, California, Delaware, Iowa, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Rhode Island, Virginia, Washington

Galium verum is a low scrambling plant, with the stems growing to 60-120 centimetres (24-47in) long, frequently rooting where they touch the ground. The leaves are 1-3cm (0.39-1.18in) long and 2 millimetres (0.079in) broad, shiny dark green, hairy underneath, borne in whorls of 8-12. The flowers are 2-3mm (0.079-0.118in) in diameter, yellow, and produced in dense clusters. This species is sometimes confused with Galium odoratum, a species with traditional culinary uses.Galium verum (lady's bedstraw or yellow bedstraw) is a herbaceous perennial plant of the family Rubiaceae. It is widespread across most of Europe, North Africa, and temperate Asia from israel and Turkey to Japan and Kamchatka. It is naturalized in Tasmania, New Zealand, Canada, and the northern half of the United States. It is considered a noxious weed in some places.

In the past, the dried plants were used to stuff mattresses, as the coumarin scent of the plants acts as a flea repellant. The flowers were also used to coagulate milk in cheese manufacture and, in Gloucestershire, to colour the cheese double Gloucester. The plant is also used to make red madder-like and yellow dyes. In Denmark, the plant (known locally as gul snerre) is traditionally used to infuse spirits, making the uniquely Danish drink bjsk.
Frigg was the goddess of married women, in Norse mythology. She helped women give birth to children, and as Scandinavians used the plant lady's bedstraw (Galium verum) as a sedative, they called it Frigg's grass.
In Romanian folklore, it is called snziana and it is linked to the Snziene fairies and their festival on June 24.
In Celtic mythology, the hero C Chulainn, who suffered fits of rage during battle, would take a tea of this plant to calm his frenzy. The plant is known as Lus Ch Chulainn in Scottish Gaelic.
Many varietal and subspecific names have been proposed, but only four are currently (May 2014) recognized:

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