Forest Sandalwood Plant Information
Forest Sandalwood grows in the following 1 states:Hawaii
Santalum freycinetianum, forest sandalwood,Freycinet sandalwood, or Iliahi, is a species of flowering tree in the European mistletoe family, Santalaceae, that is endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. Its binomial name commemorates Henri Louis Claude de Saulces de Freycinet, a 19th-century French explorer.Iliahi inhabits dry, coastal mesic, mixed mesic, and wet forests on Oahu, Kauai, Lnai, Maui, and Molokai at elevations of 250-950m (820-3,120ft). It grows in areas that receive 500-3,800mm (20-150in) of annual rainfall. Like other members of its genus, iliahi is a root hemi-parasite, deriving some of its nutrients from the host plant; common hosts include koa (Acacia koa), koaia (Acacia koaia), and aalii (Dodonaea viscosa).
The laau ala (heartwood) of iliahi contains valuable, aromatic essential oils. Trees were harvested for export to China between 1791-1840, where the hard, yellowish-brown wood was made into carved objects, chests, and incense. The iliahi trade peaked from 1815 to 1826.Native Hawaiians used the wood to make pola, the deck on a waa kaulua (double-hulled canoe). Powdered laau ala was used as a perfume and added to kapa cloth.
Native Hawaiians combined leaves and bark of the iliahi with naio (Myoporum sandwicense) ashes to treat kepia o ke poo (dandruff) and liha o ka lauoho (head lice). Iliahi shavings mixed with awa (Piper methysticum), nioi (Eugenia reinwardtiana), ahakea (Bobea spp.), and kauila (Alphitonia ponderosa) was used to treat sexually transmitted diseases.
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