Indian Banyan

Indian Banyan Plant Information

Indian Banyan grows in the following 1 states:


Ficus benghalensis, with the common name Indian banyan, is a tree which is native to the Indian Subcontinent. Specimens in India are among the largest trees in the world by canopy coverage.

Ficus benghalensis produces propagating roots which grow downwards as aerial roots. Once these roots reach the ground they grow into woody trunks.
The figs produced by the tree are eaten by birds such as the Indian myna. Fig seeds that pass through the digestive system of birds are more likely to germinate and sprout earlier.
Ficus benghalensis is the national tree of the Republic of India.
The tree is considered sacred in India, and temples are often built beneath. Due to the large size of the tree's canopy it provides useful shade in hot climates.
In Theravada Buddhism, this tree is said to have been used as the tree for achieved enlightenment, or Bodhi by the twenty seventh Lord Buddha called "Kassapa - ". The sacred plant is known as "Nuga - " or "Maha nuga - " in Sri Lanka.
The giant banyan trees of India are the largest trees in the world by canopy coverage. One individual specimen, Thimmamma Marrimanu, in Andhra Pradesh, covers 19,107m2 (4.721 acres) and is the largest single tree by two-dimensional canopy coverage area. This tree is also the world's largest known tree by perimeter length with a perimeter of 846m (2,776ft).
Nearchus, an admiral of Alexander the Great, described a large specimen on the banks of the Narmada River. The tree's canopy was so extensive it sheltered 7000 men. It was later described by James Forbes (1749-1819) in his Oriental Memoirs (1813-1815) as nearly 610m (2,000ft) in circumference with over 3000 trunks.
Other notable specimens include The Great Banyan in the Indian Botanic Garden and Dodda Alada Mara in Karnataka.
Dhanya, B. (Jun 2013). "Does litterfall from native trees support rainfed agricultur Analysis of Ficus trees in agroforestry systems of southern dry agroclimatic zone of Karnataka, southern India". Journal of Forestry Research (Harbin). 24 (2): 333-338. doi:10.1007/s11676-013-0357-6.

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