Euphorbia Serpyllifolia

Euphorbia Serpyllifolia Plant Information


Euphorbia Serpyllifolia grows in the following 30 states:

Arizona, Colorado, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Kansas, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Utah, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Oregon, California, Delaware, Florida, Iowa, Louisiana, Michigan, Missouri, Nevada, New York, North Dakota, Texas, Washington

Euphorbia serpyllifolia (Euphorbia serpillifolia) is a species of euphorb known by the common name thymeleaf sandmat, or thyme-leafed spurge. It is native to a large part of North America from Canada to Mexico, where it is a common member of the flora in many types of habitat. This is an annual herb growing as a prostrate mat or taking a somewhat erect form. The oblong leaves are up to about 1.5 centimeters long, sometimes hairy and finely toothed along the edges. The tiny inflorescence is a cyathium about a millimeter wide. It bears scalloped white petal-like appendages arranged around the actual flowers. At the center are several male flowers and one female flower, which develops into a lobed, oval fruit up to 2 millimeters wide. This plant had a number of traditional medicinal uses for many Native American groups.

The Zuni people use the serpyllifolia subspecies plant used a cathartic, an emetic, and to increase the flow of milk in a breastfeeding mother. The leaves are also chewed for the pleasant taste and used to sweeten corn meal.

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