Strawberry Hedgehog Cactus Plant Information
Strawberry Hedgehog Cactus grows in the following 2 states:New Mexico, Texas
Echinocereus stramineus is a species of cactus in which stramineus means made of straw. There are various common names such as strawberry cactus, porcupine hedgehog cactus, straw-color hedgehog, and pitaya. The straw-colored spines make this particular plant distinguished from other Echinocereus. The aged spines may turn to white color and are very fragile.
Echinocereus stramineus is natively found in the United States (New Mexico and southwest Texas) and Mexico (Coahuila, Chihuahua, and Nuevo Len). It prefers a similar living environment to other cactus such as desert, river and higher mountains. There are certain specific areas in Mexico and United States where the plants occur. For example, United States; southern Trans-Pecos and the Big Bend region, Terrell Co. and lower Pecos River, Val Verde Co.(2,500-5000ft). The region of the east side of Upton Co. to the Pecos River. South-central NM, Doa Ana, Otero, and Eddy counties. Mexico; Coahuila, East Chihuahua, West edges of Nuevo Len, north Zacatecas, Northeast Durango, and N San Luis potos.
Echinocereus stramineus has various stems from which a sexual mature plant can have a number of stems from 10-50 to 100-350. The largest stem reported was 1 meter in diameter with up to 500 stems. The most unusual feature of this plant is the number of ribs per stem. Normally, it has 11-17 ribs per stem and the average ribs per stem is 12 so it is easier to distinguish this from other Echinocereus. In E. stramineus, the areoles are circular in shape and normally 7-15mm apart. Each areole contains average 2-4 central spines and 7-10 radial spines in which radial spines are acicular and 2-3cm in length.
Echinocereus stramineus flowers in late March to May and flowers are average 8.5 to 12.5cm in diameter and length, the color of inner tepals is deep red compared to the outer portion of the tepals. The filaments are 0.8-1cm long and are reddish, anthers are yellow in color. (Filament and anther are the male structures). The green stigma lobes (usually 10-13 lobes and average 8mm long) are supported by reddish style (usually 2.7cm long and 2.5mm thick). There are also rare individuals reported by Big Bend National Park where pure white flowers are found instead of red color as usual. Fruits are globular shape with 5-6cm in diameter and the color will turn into reddish brown when ripe, and the areoles on fruit can be easily removed.
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