Dwarf Elderberry Plant Information
Dwarf Elderberry grows in the following 2 states:New Jersey, New York
Sambucus ebulus, also known as danewort, dane weed, danesblood, dwarf elder or European dwarf elder, walewort,dwarf elderberry,elderwort and blood hilder is a herbaceous species of elder, native to southern and central Europe and southwest Asia. The species is also reportedly naturalized in parts of North America (New York, New Jersey and Qubec).
Sambucus ebulus grows to a height of 1-2 m and has erect, usually unbranched stems growing in large groups from an extensive perennial underground stem rhizome. The leaves are opposite, pinnate, 15-30cm long, with 5-9 leaflets with a foetid smell. The stems terminate in a corymb 10-15cm diameter with numerous white (occasionally pink) flat-topped hermaphrodite flowers. The fruit is a small glossy black berry 5-6mm diameter. The ripe fruit give out a purple juice.
The name danewort comes from the belief that it only grows on the sites of battles that involved the Danes. The term 'walewort' or 'walwort' meant 'foreigner plant.' The plant's stems and leaves turn red in autumn and this may explain the link with blood. The word Dane may link to an old term for diarrhoea.
Sambucus ebulus fruits have been used in the traditional Austrian medicine for treatment of disorders of the respiratory tract and fever.
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