Salvia Cistus Plant Information
Salvia Cistus grows in the following 1 states:California
Cistus salviifolius, common names sage-leaved rock-rose,salvia cistus or Gallipoli rose, is a perennial ligneous plant of the family Cistaceae.
The genus name Cistus derives from the Ancient Greek words (kisthos) meaning basket, while the species name salviifolius refers the wrinkled leaves similar to those of the sage.
Cistus salviifolius has spreading stems covered by clumpy hairs. This bushy shrub reaches on average 30-60 centimetres (12-24in) in height, with a maximum of 100 centimetres (39in). The oval-shaped green leaves are 1 to 4 centimeters long, opposite, reticulate, tomentose on both sides, with a short petiole (2-4mm).
The inflorescence holds one or more round flowers, long-stalked, arranged at the leaf axils. The five white petals have a yellow spot at the base, forming a corolla 4-6cm in diameter. The stamens are also yellow and the anthers shed abundant yellow pollen. This plant is pollinated by insects entomophily, especially bees. The flowering period extends from April through May. The fruit is a pentagonal capsule, 5-7mm long.
Cistus salviifolius cultivated in the nursery industry, and grown in gardens and public landscapes, often for its drought-tolerant and pollinator habitat attributes.
This showy wildflower is native to the Mediterranean region, in southern Europe and parts of Western Asia and North Africa.
This plant prefers dry hills, scrubs and open woodlands, at an altitude of 0-1,200 metres (0-3,937ft) above sea level. It grows very quickly after a fire.
Cistus salviifolius contains flavan-3ols, oligomeric proanthocyanidins and prodelphinidins such as epigallocatechin-3-O-(4-hydroxybenzoate), epigallocatechin-(4-8)-epigallocatechin, epigallocatechin -3-O-gallate-(4-8)-epigallocatechin, epigallocatechin-(4-6)-epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate, 1-O--d -(6-O-galloyl)-glucopyranosyl-3-methoxy-5-hydroxybenzene, epigallocatechin-(4-8)-epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate, 1-O--d- glucopyranosyl-3-methoxy-5-hydroxybenzene and rhododendrin (betuloside). It also contains ellagitannins of the punicalagin type.
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