Velvetleaf Plant Information
Velvetleaf grows in the following 1 states:Florida
Cissampelos pareira (velvetleaf) is a species of flowering plant in the family Menispermaceae.
It is a slender tomentose climber. The leaves are peltate, 2.5-12cm long, 2.5-11.5cm broad, triangularly broad-ovate, or orbicular, obtuse, mucronate, base cordate or truncate, tomentose on both sides; petiole pubescent. Flowers are small in size, pedicels filiform. Male flowers clustered in the axil of a small leaf; sepals are 4 in number, obovate-oblong, hairy outside; petals 4 in number, united to form a 4-toothed cup, hairy outside; stamens 4, column short, anthers connate, encircling the top of the column. Female flowers clustered in the axils of orbicular, hoary imbricate bracts, on 5-10cm long racemes; sepal 1, petal 1; carpel 1, densely hairy; style shortly 3-fid. Drupe 4-6mm long, 3-4mm broad, subglobose, compressed, hairy-pubescent, red when fresh, black when dry, endocarp transversely ribbed, tuberculate. Seeds are horseshoe-shaped.
Cissampelos pareira is used in Chinese herbology, where it is called x shng tng (Chinese: -) or (Chinese: ). The species is also known as abuta and is also called laghu patha in Ayurvedic medicine. In Tamil Nadu it is called ponmusutai and it is used for a number of medicinal purposes. Some attention has been paid to it in Kenya, Tanzania, and other places for its purported antimalarial properties in particular.
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