Small Enchanters Nightshade Plant Information
Small Enchanters Nightshade grows in the following 37 states:Alaska, Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut, District Of Columbia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Minnesota, Montana, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Utah, Vermont, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Oregon, West Virginia, California, Iowa, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Virginia, Washington
Circaea alpina commonly called enchanter's nightshade or small enchanter's nightshade is a 10-30cm tall perennial herb found in cool forests of the Northern Hemisphere.
The leaves are opposite, ovate, 2-6cm and coarsely dentate. The 1.5-4cm (0.6-1.6in) petioles have a wing beneath. The flowers and fruits are clustered near the top of the fruiting raceme; each raceme bears 15 or less white or pink flowers in mid-May through early September. Each flower has two white to light pink petals 1-1.5mm (0.04-0.06in) long with two lobes. The two white sepals are 1-2mm (0.04-0.08in) long. The fruit is a small bur with one seed. C. alpina can reproduce vegetatively and via stolons.
In North America, Circaea alpina is distributed throughout all of Canada and North Carolina through Maine and New Mexico through Washington. In Eurasia, the range of C. alpina includes Northern Europe south to Albania and Bulgaria and east to Korea and Japan.C. alpina prefers a moist, upland habitat. It is generally found in forests or near streams from sea level to 3,000 metres (10,000ft).
Circaea alpina will hybridize with Circaea lutetiana producing sterile offspring that persists in vegetative colonies.
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