Chinese Box

Chinese Box Plant Information


Chinese Box grows in the following 1 states:

Florida

Murraya paniculata is a tropical, evergreen plant native to southern China, Taiwan, the Indian sub-continent (i.e. Bangladesh, India, Nepal, north-eastern Pakistan and Sri Lanka), south-eastern Asia (i.e. Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines and northern Australia (i.e. the northern parts of the Northern Territory, far northern Queensland and northern Western Australia), bearing small, white, scented flowers, which is grown as an ornamental tree or hedge. Murraya is closely related to Citrus, and bears small orange to red fruit resembling kumquats, though some cultivars do not set fruit.

Some of the common names include
Orange jessamine, Chinese box, mock orange, mock lime, satinwood or Lakeview jasmine (mainly in Florida)
Campeche, Mxico: Limonaria
Orange Jessamine is a small, tropical, evergreen tree or shrub growing up to 7 m tall. The plant flowers throughout the year. Its leaves are glabrous and glossy, occurring in 3-7 oddly pinnate leaflets which are elliptic to cuneate-obovate to rhombic. Flowers are terminal, corymbose, few-flowered, dense and fragrant. Petals are 12-18mm long, recurved and white (or fading cream). The fruit of Murraya paniculata is fleshy, oblong-ovoid, coloured red to orange, and grows up to 1inch in length.
M. paniculata is a native of South and Southeast Asia, China and Australasia. It is naturalised in southern United States.
Traditionally, Murraya paniculata is used both in traditional medicine as an analgesic and for wood (for tool handles).
In the West, Murraya paniculata is cultured as an ornamental tree or hedge because of its hardiness, wide range of soil tolerance (M. paniculata may grow in alkaline, clayey, sandy, acidic and loamy soils), and is suitable for larger hedges. The plant flowers throughout the years and produces small, fragrant flower clusters which attract bees, while the fruits attract small frugivorous birds.
Honey bee farms have been known to plant Orange Jessamine near bee hives. Serving not only as food for the bees but as protection from harsh winds. Honey collected from bee hive colonies that collect pollen from orange jessamines, have a tangy sweet orange undertone.
The Orange Jessamine is sexually propagated by its seeds. The fruits are eaten by birds, who then pass the seeds out in their stool. It may also be artificially propagated by softwood cuttings.
M. paniculata is vulnerable to soil nematodes, scales, sooty mold and whiteflies.
M. paniculata is the preferred host to the insect pest Diaphorina citri, the citrus psyllid. This psyllid is the vector for the citrus greening disease.
The crude ethanolic extract of leaves of Murraya paniculata has antidiarrhoeal, antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities.Yuehchukene, a dimeric indole alkaloid, can be extracted from the root.
Footnotes
References

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