Jaggery Palm

Jaggery Palm Plant Information

Jaggery Palm grows in the following 1 states:


Caryota urens is a species of flowering plant in the palm family from the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia where they grow in fields and rainforest clearings. The epithet urens is Latin for "stinging" alluding to the chemicals in the fruit. They are commonly called solitary fishtail palm, toddy palm, wine palm, jaggery palm in Tamil, in Sinhala, in Kannada, - Choondappana in Malayalam in Bengali,. Its leaf is used as fishing rod after trimming the branches of the leaf and drying. According to Monier-Williams, it is called moha-karin ("delusion maker") in Sanskrit. It is one of the sugar palms.

Caryota urens species is a solitary-trunked tree that measure up to 12m (39ft) in height and up to 30cm (12in) wide. Widely spaced leaf-scar rings cover its gray trunk which culminate in a 6m (20ft) wide, 6m tall leaf crown. The bipinnate leaves are triangular in shape, bright to deep green, 3.5m (11ft) long, and held on 60cm (24in) long petioles. The obdeltoid pinnae are 30cm long with a pointed edge and a jagged edge.
The 3m (9.8ft) long inflorescences emerge at each leaf node, from top to bottom, producing pendent clusters of white, unisexual flowers. The fruit matures to a round, 1cm (0.39in) drupe, red in color with one seed. Like all Caryotas, the fruit contains oxalic acid, a skin and membrane irritant. As these plants are monocarpic, the completion of the flower and fruiting process results in the death of the tree. Elephants love this plant - both leaf & the pulp. Toddy is extracted from the inflorescence, and is considered some what powerful compared to toddy extracted from few other palm trees. Pulp of the fully grown up plant is cut, sun dried, powdered and is edible. This powder is considered cool and nutritius in Coastal districts of Karnataka.
This species is called kithul () in Sri Lanka. It is the source of kithul treacle, a liquid jaggery.
Caryota urens is cultivated as an ornamental tree, and planted in gardens and parks in tropical and sub-tropical climates. It is also used as an interior and houseplant when smaller.

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