Canary Island Date Palm Plant Information
Canary Island Date Palm grows in the following 2 states:California, Florida
Phoenix canariensis is a species of flowering plant in the palm family Arecaceae, native to the Canary Islands. It is a relative of Phoenix dactylifera, the true date palm. It is the natural symbol of the Canary Islands, together with the canary Serinus canaria.
Phoenix canariensis is a large solitary palm, 10-20m (33-66ft) tall, occasionally growing to 40m (131ft). The leaves are pinnate, 4-6m (13-20ft) long, with 80-100 leaflets on each side of the central rachis. The fruit is an oval, yellow to orange drupe 2cm (0.79in) long and 1cm (0.39in) in diameter and containing a single large seed; the fruit pulp is edible but too thin to be worth eating.
Common names in English include Canary Island date palm and pineapple palm. The common name in Spanish-speaking countries and in the Canary Islands is palmera canaria.
The Canary Island date palm is typically cultivated in subtropical climates, particularly in areas with Mediterranean climates, but also in humid subtropical climates like eastern Australia and the southern United States. There are even several instances of cultivated Canary Island Date Palms in high-latitude oceanic climates, such as Ireland and the Channel Islands. It can be cultivated where temperatures rarely fall below -10 or -12C (14 or 10F) for extended periods, although it will require some protection if cold periods are longer than normal. It is a slowly growing tree, exclusively propagated by seed.
The palm is easily recognized through its crown of leaves and trunk characteristics. It is not uncommon to see Canary Island date palms pruned and trimmed to enhance the appearance. When pruned, the bottom of the crown, also called the nut, appears to have a pineapple shape.
It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.
In the Canary Islands, the sap of this date palm is used to make palm syrup. La Gomera is where most of the sap is produced in the Canary Islands.
In some mediterranean and subtropical countries, Phoenix canariensis has proven to be an invasive plant. In New Zealand, it has invaded a range of habitats. It is also considered naturalised in peninsular Spain, Italy, Australia, Bermuda and parts of the United States (Florida, Arizona, Southern Nevada, California and Alabama). It is listed as invasive in California. In Auckland, New Zealand, the palm has itself become a host for the naturalised Australian strangler fig, Ficus macrophylla.
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