Cabbage Rose

Cabbage Rose Plant Information

Cabbage Rose grows in the following 8 states:

Connecticut, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, Michigan, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, Ohio

Rosa centifolia (lit. hundred leaved/petaled rose; syn. R. gallica var. centifolia (L.) Regel), the Provence rose or cabbage rose or Rose de Mai is a hybrid rose developed by Dutch rose breeders in the period between the 17th century and the 19th century, possibly earlier. Its parentage includes Rosa damascena, but it may be a complex hybrid; its exact hereditary history is not well documented or fully investigated. The original plant was sterile, but a sport with single flowers appeared in 1769, from which various cultivars known as centifolia roses were developed, many of which are further hybrids. Other cultivars have appeared as further sports from these roses. Rosa centifolia 'Muscosa' is a sport with a thick covering of resinous hairs on the flower buds, from which most (but not all) "moss roses" are derived. Dwarf or miniature sports have been known for almost as long as the larger forms, including a miniature moss ross 'Moss de Meaux'.

Individual plants are shrubby in appearance, growing to 1.5-2 m tall, with long drooping canes and greyish green pinnate leaves with 5-7 leaflets. The flowers are round and globular, with numerous thin overlapping petals that are highly scented; they are usually pink, less often white to dark red-purple.
R. centifolia is particular[clarification needed] to the French city of Grasse, known as the perfume capital of the world. It is widely cultivated for its singular fragrance-clear and sweet, with light notes of honey. The flowers are commercially harvested for the production of rose oil, which is commonly used in perfumery.
Cultivars of Rosa centifolia that are still grown include:
Sylvia Plath mentions the cabbage rose in many of her earlier poems, such as The Thin People.

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