Berlandiers Nettlespurge

Berlandiers Nettlespurge Plant Information


Berlandiers Nettlespurge grows in the following 1 states:

Texas

Jatropha cathartica is a species of flowering plant in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae, that is native to Texas in the United States and Coahuila, Nuevo Len and Tamaulipas in northeastern Mexico. Common names include jicamilla (Spanish) and Berlandier's nettlespurge.

J. cathartica is a perennial herb that grows from an enlarged, tuberlike woody root (caudex). It is deciduous, losing both stems and leaves, and spends the winter in a dormant state.
The large caudex is globose, pastel-white, and up to 20cm (7.9in) wide and 30cm (12in) tall (or more). It is underground in the wild but becomes exposed if cultivated in a container.
Stems reach a length of 30 cm and have petioles up to 17 centimetres (6.7in) long.
Leaves are gray-green,palmate, very deeply lobed five to seven times, and up to 10cm long.
The flowers are showy, bright pink to poppy-red, and arrayed in loose clusters at the ends of long peduncles. Each inflorescence bears individual flowers up to 12mm wide, of which 3-4 are female and 10-12 are male. It blooms throughout the growing season from February to November, but mainly in summer.
The fruit is a green, pea-like three-lobed capsule containing three seeds.
Berlandier's Nettlespurge grows scattered among brush, usually on clay soil in hot, arid regions. This plant has adapted to drought and can survive many days without rain. It will grow in sun or shade, but will rot in a cold, damp environment.

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