Canadian Serviceberry

Canadian Serviceberry Plant Information

Canadian Serviceberry grows in the following 19 states:

Connecticut, District Of Columbia, Georgia, Maryland, Mississippi, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, West Virginia, Alabama, Delaware, Maine, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Rhode Island, Tennessee, Virginia

Amelanchier canadensis (Canadian serviceberry, chuckleberry, currant-tree,Juneberry, Shadblow Serviceberry, Shadblow, Shadbush, Shadbush Serviceberry, Sugarplum, Thicket Serviceberry) is a species of Amelanchier native to eastern North America in Canada from Newfoundland west to southern Ontario, and in the United States from Maine south to Alabama. It is largely restricted to wet sites, particularly on the Atlantic coastal plain, growing at altitudes from sea level up to 200 m.

It is a deciduous shrub or small tree growing to 0.5-8 m tall with one to many stems and a narrow, fastigiate crown. The leaves are alternate, simple, ovate to ovate-oblong, 1-5.5cm long and 1.8-2.8cm broad with a rounded to sub-acute apex; they are downy below, and have a serrated margin and an 8-15mm petiole. The flowers are produced in early spring in loose racemes 4-6cm long at the ends of the branches; each raceme has four to ten flowers. The flower has five white petals 7.6-11mm long and 2-4mm broad, and 20 stamens. The fruit is a pome, 7-10mm diameter, dark purple when ripe; it is edible and sweet. Fruits become ripe in June and July in its native range.
It is used as a medicinal plant, food, and ornamental plant. It is sometimes made into bonsai.

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